Abdullah`s spokesman, Fraidoon Khawzoon, told AFP that the deal would guarantee that Abdullah`s group would receive 50 percent of cabinet posts and other provincial governors. As international pressure mounted and the Taliban appeared to be profiting from the political mess, the two sides began talks to find a way out. AAN`s working translation of the political agreement between Ghani and Abdullah Under the agreement, Abdullah will lead the Council for peace talks and members of his team will be admitted to the cabinet. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his rival Abdullah Abdullah on Sunday signed a power-sharing agreement that marked the end of a months-long stalemate that has plunged the country into a political crisis. This nascent peace process could be a turning point in more than 40 years of conflict, which began with a communist coup in 1978. Various Afghan factions will try to negotiate a political agreement that balances power between different ethnic groups, religious visions, and economic and social perspectives that cover a gap between urban and rural areas. to meet the expectations of the Afghan people, to support the defence and security forces, the continuous and useful efforts of national personalities and the international community to resolve the political crisis arising from the elections in the country, to find a solution to political differences and to respect the differences of opinion of the country`s political leaders in this regard, Recognizing that the continuation of the current political situation is not in the interest of the country and the Afghan people, and to break the deadlock, the following issues were agreed: Abdullah changed his twitter bio and dropped his title of « President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan ». The deal ends a political crisis that has cast a big shadow over efforts to end the country`s long war with the Taliban. The standoff complicated Afghan negotiations with the insurgents after the U.S. agreed with the Taliban to gradually withdraw troops. « Secretary of State Pompeo noted that he regretted the time lost during the political impasse, » State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said in a statement.
Ghani said it was a « historic day » for Afghanistan and that the deal was reached without international mediation. The political agreement is valid until the end of the government`s mandate. The deal designates Abdullah to lead future peace talks with the Taliban, who have already signed a landmark agreement with the United States to pave the way for the withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan. Some doubt that the agreement between the US and the Taliban, which aimed to bring peace to Afghanistan, was primarily a withdrawal agreement. Ghani also agreed to the formation of a High Governing Council that will give key political leaders a role in the president`s council, hoping to form a united front as Afghanistan seeks an endgame with the Taliban. Mr. Ghani struggled to build political consensus in his first five years in power and alienated many influential political figures. The last time Afghans sat down together to renegotiate a government structure was the 2001 Bonn Agreement, which established the current democratic political order but excluded the Taliban. This time, the Taliban are part of the negotiations, but Afghanistan has changed dramatically since they came to power in the late 1990s. It is now a sovereign nation with citizenship whose expectations have developed over the past 20 years of development, youthful democratic politics and engagement with the international community.
The agreement allocates responsibilities in such a way that it corresponds to the strengths of the two leaders. The signed copy of the agreement was posted on Dr. Abdullah`s Facebook page on May 18, 2020. Many of them are common to other peace processes, and some comparative lessons can be drawn, but each has unique characteristics in the Afghan context. USIP conducted research in each of these thematic areas, drawing on subject matter experts and consultations with various Afghan stakeholders. Resources on both sides will be offered to negotiators and others interested in Afghanistan to enable a political settlement and a peaceful future. M. Abdullah built a quarry from the collection of colliding groups.
His ability to reach consensus is now being tested as he tries to unite a deeply divided Afghan political elite in peace negotiations. It also gives him a chance to build a legacy by playing a central role in ending a decades-old war. The deal goes on to say that Ghani will make Abdul Rashid Dostum, his former vice president, who has become an ally of Abdullah, a marshal of the armed forces. Dostum, a notorious military commander, was accused of ordering the torture and rape of a political rival in 2016. At present, Afghan peace negotiations (AFN) between the Afghan government and the Taliban do not involve a third-party presence beyond moderation and support. Parties to the conflict and members of the international community could consider the benefits of a third neutral mediator to break the deadlocks that have followed and delayed negotiations so far. Although the presence of a mediator does not guarantee success, there are very few examples of a major peace agreement reached without any type of third-party support or mediation. The new deal, the negotiations of which were brokered by Afghan political leaders, including former President Hamid Karzai, deprives Abdullah of an executive role in the government, but gives his coalition half of the cabinet appointments. In return, Abdullah takes responsibility for peace efforts with the Taliban in a new role as chairman of the High Council for National Reconciliation.
As a strongman who defends Afghanistan`s Uzbek ethnic minority during four decades of war and politics, General Dostum has an open trial against him. The case focuses on allegations made by Ahmad Ishchi in 2016, a political rival who said General Dostum abducted him from a crowded sports arena during his tenure as vice president, tortured him and ordered his rape. The long political conflict has had a considerable impact on Afghanistan and has coincided with the increasing violence of the Taliban and the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic. Supporting an inclusive and sustainable peace process is one of the top priorities of the USIP-Afghanistan program. THE USIP is directly engaged in top-down, bottom-up and international efforts to help Afghans reach a political solution that ends more than four decades of violent conflict. USIP has supported Afghan leaders with comparative experience and negotiating tools that can help identify and overcome key sticking points in the talks. At the same time, USIP has worked to empower local peacemakers and activists across Afghanistan to participate in direct action for peace. The PICU also provides research and recommendations to U.S. officials and other key international stakeholders on how to address key drivers of conflict and reduce threats to national security. While the vote is likely to be postponed, Elie Abouaoun of USIP says frustration with Libya`s political and economic stagnation is high as the international community tries to « reach a new political agreement. » just to ensure that elections can take place without a major outbreak of violence. He reaffirmed that the priority for the United States remains a political solution to end the conflict and welcomed the commitment of both leaders to act immediately to support early entry into intra-Afghan negotiations.
Location: Delgosha Palace, Presidential Palace, Kabul, Afghanistan 3rd Authorities of the High Council for National Reconciliation: At the signing ceremony, the two men adopted a forward-looking tone. . . .